John Shannon Hendrix - Art Architecture Theory

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On this site is information about books written and edited by John Shannon Hendrix on the subjects of architecture, art, philosophy, aesthetics, psychoanalysis, culture and history, as well as articles, conference papers, and experience as Professor of Art and Architectural History.

http://youtu.be/Ww73VSYyAK8
http://staff.lincoln.ac.uk/jhendrix


John Shannon Hendrix is a Professor of Architectural History at the University of Lincoln, UK, and an Adjunct Professor of Art and Architectural History at Roger Williams University, US. He is an architectural and intellectual historian who has researched and written about a variety of architectures and philosophies, for the purpose of suggesting alternatives to the practice of architecture and philosophy at the beginning of the twenty-first century. He has worked to define a theoretical approach to art and architecture based on philosophy, aesthetics, cosmology, psychoanalysis, and historical precedents which can be applied to contemporary practice. He has worked to establish an intellectual basis for architecture in historiography and practice, means by which architecture can express cultural ideas and epistemologies. He has researched and written about Egyptian, Greek, Roman, medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, early modern, modern, postmodern, and contemporary architectures, and Hermetic, Platonic, Aristotelian, Neoplatonic, Peripatetic, Scholastic, Idealist, Romantic, and Deconstructionist philosophies, and Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis.

Books Written

The Splendor of English Gothic Architecture, London: Parkstone, 2013 (ebook).
http://www.parkstone-international.com/detail.php?bookid=2827#sthash.uRrKERs8.dpbs

This book explains and celebrates the splendor and variety of English churches and cathedrals, which have a major place in medieval architecture. The English Gothic style developed somewhat later than in France, but rapidly developed its own architectural and ornamental codes. The book classifies English Gothic architecture in four principal stages: the early English Gothic, the decorated, the curvilinear, and the perpendicular Gothic. Several photographs of these architectural testimonies allow us to understand the whole originality of Britain during the Gothic era: in Canterbury, Wells, Lincoln, York, Salisbury, and many more. The English Gothic architecture is a poetic one, speaking both to the senses and spirit. The medieval churches and cathedrals of England collectively provide one of the richest architectural experiences in the world.


The Contradiction Between Form and Function in Architecture
, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013.

The purpose of this book is to show how the contradiction between form and function has played an important role in architecture throughout history, allowing architecture to be a form of artistic expression and a communicator of ideas about human identity. Continuing the themes that have been addressed in The Humanities in Architectural Design and The Cultural Role of Architecture, this book stresses the humanistic role of architecture in culture. The role of the terms "form" and "function" are analyzed throughout the history of architecture and architectural theory, from Vitruvius to the present, with particular emphasis on twentieth-century functionalism. Historical examples are given from Ancient, Classical, Islamic, Christian, Byzantine, Gothic, Renaissance, Mannerist, and Neoclassical architecture, and from movements in the twentieth century to the present. In addition philosophical issues such as lineamenti, Vorstellung, différance, dream construction, deep structure and surface structure, topology theory, self-generation, and immanence are explored in relation to the compositions and writings of architects throughout history. This book contributes to the project of re-establishing architecture as a humanistic discipline, to re-establish an emphasis on the expression of ideas, and on the ethical role of architecture to engage the intellect of the observer and to represent human identity.

Architecture as Cosmology: Lincoln Cathedral and English Gothic Architecture,
New York: Peter Lang, 2011.
 
The purpose of the book is to show how the forms of English Gothic architecture are related to medieval cosmologies, focusing on the architecture of Lincoln Cathedral and the cosmologies of Robert Grosseteste. The book illustrates the extent of the influence of Lincoln Cathedral on the development of English Gothic architecture. The book examines the precedents, interpretations, and influences of the architecture of Lincoln Cathedral. The book analyzes the origin and development of the architectural forms, which were to a great extent unprecedented when they appeared at Lincoln. The architecture is seen as a text of the philosophy, cosmology, and theology of medieval English culture.

Robert Grosseteste: Philosophy of Intellect and Vision,

Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag, 2010.
The purpose of the book is to illustrate how the philosophies of Grosseteste are rooted in Platonic, Aristotelian, Neoplatonic and Peripatetic philosophies, and to show how Grosseteste made important contributions to theories of intellect and vision. The book aims to contribute to the importance of Grosseteste in the history of philosophy, and to establish groundwork for further development in these two areas of philosophy, to contribute to contemporary philosophy. Emphasis is placed on the relation between Grosseteste's philosophies and previous influences (classical: Plato, Aristotle, Euclid; Greek commentators on Aristotle: Alexander of Aphrodisias, Themistius; Arabic commentators on Aristotle: Alfarabi, Avicenna, Averroes; and the Neoplatonic tradition: Plotinus, Proclus, Pseudo-Dionysius), as well as their relation to subsequent philosophies in the middle ages, and the Renaissance to the twentieth century. The philosophies are also considered in relation to the architecture of Lincoln Cathedral. 
 
Architecture and Psychoanalysis:
Peter Eisenman
and Jacques Lacan,
New York: Peter Lang, 2006.
 
The purpose of the book is to show how the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan can be applied to architecture, focusing on the architecture of Peter Eisenman. There are extended discussions of the thought of figures such as Ferdinand de Saussure and Jacques Derrida, and the work of architects such as Leon Battista Alberti, Francesco Borromini, Giuseppe Terragni, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Concepts analyzed in relation to architecture include the signifier and signified in Structural Linguistics, deep structure and surface structure, differance in Deconstruction; latent content and manifest content in the dream work of Freud, as well as condensation and displacement, picture thinking and image making; Lacanian concepts of the anchoring point and sliding in language, the mirror stage, ego formation, the matrix and mechanisms of language, and primordial perception. Concepts of Eisenman for architecture which are analyzed include apperception, scaling, decomposition, folding, blurring, the figural, the interstitial, and interiority.

Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Spirit:
From Plotinus to Schelling and Hegel,
New York: Peter Lang, 2005.
 
The purpose of the book is to show the roots of the aesthetics of Hegel and Schelling in the thought of Plotinus, and to show the importance of the aesthetics in artistic production. The book describes the Platonic bases of the aesthetics of Plotinus, and the Plotinian bases of the aesthetics of Schelling and Hegel in the Philosophy of Spirit, Identity Philosophy (the relation between intellect and nature), and Transcendental Idealism. The book explores the concept of art as philosophy, as a product of mind, and as an instrument of intellect in the relation between reason and perception. Particular concepts analyzed include the dialectics of universal and particular, subjective and objective, consciousness and self-consciousness, thought and matter in representation (Darstellung), and being-in-itself (Ansich) and being-for-self (Fursich), as they are manifest in artistic representation.

Chapters: 1. Introduction; 2. The Symposium and the Aesthetics of Plotinus; 3. The Aesthetics of Schelling: The Philosophy of Art; Bruno, or On the Natural and the Divine Principle of Things; System of Transcendental Idealism; 4. Plotinian Hypostases in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit; 5. The Aesthetics of Hegel: Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics; Phenomenology of Spirit; Philosophy of Mind; 6. Architecture and the Philosophy of Spirit

Platonic Architectonics:
Platonic Philosophies and the Visual Arts,
New York: Peter Lang, 2004.
 
The purpose of the book is to illustrate the important role that Platonic philosophies have played in a variety of art and architectural production from the fourth to the twentieth centuries. There are chapters on Anaximander, Plato, Plotinus, Proclus, Cusanus, Leon Battista Alberti, Piero della Francesca, Paul Cezanne, the Cubists and Deconstructivists. Interpretations of philosophical texts, artistic treatises, and works of art and architecture in Western culture are presented as they are related to Platonic and Neoplatonic philosophies. Philosophical concepts examined include the apeiron, arche, chora, cosmos, Idea, intellectus divinus, implicato/explicato, coincidentia oppositorum, Intellectual Principle, the Other, the heterogeneous, and deep structure, in relation to artistic concepts such as perspectiva naturalis/artificialis, costruzione leggitima, scenographia, concinnitas, disegno, commensuratio, harmonic proportions, transformational relationships, spacing, and dislocation.

Architectural Forms and Philosophical Structures
,
New York:
Peter Lang, 2003.
 
The purpose of the book is to show how a variety of architectural forms are related to philosophical structures, and how architectural theory is rooted in philosophy. There are chapters on Egypt, Archaic Greece, Francesco Borromini, Guarino Guarini and Bernardo Vittone, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Giambattista Piranesi, the Gothic Romance, Jacques Lacan and Roger Caillois, Sigmund Freud and The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari, Georges Bataille and Frederick Kiesler, and The Body in the Theory of Making. The book examines such philosophical concepts as the Ennead and the zodiac, numerology and cosmology, Hermeticism and Neoplatonism, the tetractys, circuitus spiritualis, Celestial Hierarchies, complicato/explicato, coincidentia oppositorum, Structural Rationalism, the sublime, the unconscious, dream images, psychophysiological space, psychasthenia, the informe, the gaze, the libido, optical theory, and the heterogeneous, in relation to architectural design.

The Relation Between Architectural Forms and Philosophical Structures in the Work of Francesco Borromini in Seventeenth-Century Rome
The purpose of the book is to show how Borromini's architectural forms are related to philosophical structures, and how Borromini's architecture is a catechism of the philosophies of its culture, in a culmination of classical and renaissance ideas. The analysis includes a historical reconstruction of the setting of seventeenth-century Rome and an examination of drawings and built work in relation to published diagrams and essays, which were translated by Borromini into geometries and architectural forms. Buildings examined include San Carlo alle Fontane, Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza, and the Oratorio di San Filippo Neri. Philosophies include those of Nicolas Cusanus, Marsilio Ficino, and Athanasius Kircher.
 
Chapters: 1. Renaissance Precedent: Leon Battista Alberti; 2. The Structure of the Cosmos in the Baroque; 3. The Neoplatonic Idea at the Accademia di San Luca; 4. Syncretism and Architectural Syntax; 5. The Structuring of the Conceptual Process; 6. Athanasius Kircher and Hermeticism; 7. Esoteric Symbols of Hermetic and Neoplatonic Philosophy; 8. Light, Vision and Numerology; 9. The Transmutation of Geometries; 10. Neoplatonic Philosophy; 11. Presocratic Origins

History and Culture in Italy
,
Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2003.

An introductory survey of history and culture in Italy, based on classes, lectures and tours in Italy over the course of four years. The survey includes personal experience, and descriptions of significant figures in politics, literature, philosophy and the arts.

Chapters: 1. Giordano Bruno and Intellectual Rebellion; 2. Venice, Vicenza and Milan; 3. Paolo Portoghesi: Borromini and Postmodernism; 4. Mythological Origins in Crete and the Peloponnese; 5. Giuseppe Mazzini and the Risorgimento; 6. Baroque Architecture in Turin; 7. Primo Levi and Post-Holocaust Identity; 8. Antonio Gramsci and Marxist Cultural Theory; 9. Vienna and the Origins of Modernism; 10. Prague: Creativity and the Subconscious; 11. Giovanni Macchia: Sensuality and Modern Life; 12. Futurism and the Obsession with Speed; 13. Calcio and Astrology in Modern Italy; 14. Silvio Berlusconi and Capitalist Politics; 15. Life as Spectacle; 16. Calcata: A Bohemian Alternative; 17. Franco Archibugi and the Italian Language; 18. Campo Marzio: The Heart of Rome; 19. Genoa and the French Riviera; 20. Capri and Anacapri; 21. Thomas Aquinas and the Great Synthesis; 22. Lorenzo Valla: Philology and Textual Criticism; 23. Tommaso Campanella: Political Revolt and Utopia; 24. Giambattista Vico and the Social Sciences; 25. Benedetto Croce and the Philosophy of Spirit; 26. Archetypes for Mythology and Christianity in Egypt; 27. Olympia: The Greek Arcadia; 28. The Art Scene in Rome; 29. The Villa Farnesina; 30. Seneca and Stoicism; 31. Constantine and Christianity; 32. Cicero and the Art of Oration; 33. Piazza San Pietro and the Arms of the Church; 34. Classical Philosophy in the Vatican; 35. Borromini: Humanism and Neoplatonism; 36. The Cornaro Chapel: Spiritual and Physical Ecstasy; 37. Pompeii and the Villa of the Mysteries; 38. Plotinus: Plato and the Ennead; 39. Saint Francis of Assisi and the Universal Spirit; 40. Siena: The Renaissance that Might Have Been; 41. Saint Augustine and the Christian Community; 42. Leon Battista Alberti and the Modern Architect; 43. The City of Florence; 44. Michelangelo: Expression and Rebellion; 45. The Platonic Academy; 46. Sandro Botticelli and Classical Mythology; 47. Pisa: Monuments to an Empire; 48. Galileo and the Birth of Science; 49. Umberto Eco and the Importance of Semiotics; 50. Andrea Palladio and Humanist Architecture; 51. Byzantine Mosaics in Ravenna; 52. Giuseppe Terragni: Architecture and Politics; 53. Athens and Aix-en-Provence

Books Edited
 
Bishop Robert Grosseteste and Lincoln Cathedral:
Tracing Relationships between Medieval Concepts of Order and Built Form 
Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014. 
 
The purpose of the book is to understand medieval architecture in relation to medieval society, values, philosophy and religion, focusing on Robert Grosseteste and Lincoln Cathedral. The architecture and topography of Lincoln Cathedral are examined in their cultural contexts, in relation to scholastic philosophy, science and cosmology, and medieval ideas about light and geometry, as highlighted in the writings of Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln Cathedral in the thirteenth century. The book explores Grosseteste's ideas in the broader context of medieval and renaissance cosmologies, optics and perspective, natural philosophy and experimental science, along with issues such as the policies of the bishop in governance and education. The book contributes to the broader understanding of the relations between architecture and cultural issues. Edited with Nicholas Temple and Christian Frost, with essays by Nicholas Bennett, Nicholas Temple, Cecilia Panti, Jack Cunningham, John Hendrix, Noe Badillo, Dalibor Vesely, Christian Frost and Allan Doig.
 
 
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The Cultural Role of Architecture,
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2012.
http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415783415/
 
The purpose of the book is to demonstrate the important role that architecture plays in cultural expression and identity, and to show the extent to which architecture is a humanistic discipline. The book examines the historical role of the cultural in architectural production and expression, looking at meaning and communication, tracing the formations of cultural identities. Chapters written by international academics in history, theory and philosophy of architecture, examine how different modes of representation throughout history have drawn profound meanings from cultural practices and beliefs. Edited with Paul Emmons and Jane Lomholt, essays by Nicholas Temple, Dagmar Weston, Chris Siwicki, Liana De Girolami Cheney, Noé Badillo, Jane Lomholt, Louise Pelletier, Cristina Gonzalez-Longo, Paul Emmons, Marco Frascari, Chris Hay, Harry Charrington, Jan Frohburg, Alexandra Stara, Gerald Adler, John Hendrix, Alberto Pérez-Gómez, Nikolaos-Ion Terzoglou, Ashraf Salama, Jason Crow, Mark Cannata, Nader El-Bizri.

Renaissance Theories of Vision,
Farnham: Ashgate, 2010.
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The purpose of the book is to show how renaissance works of art were based on aesthetic theories focusing on theories of vision, which were derived from classical, medieval, and renaissance philosophies. How are processes of vision, perception, and sensation conceived in the Renaissance? How are those conceptions made manifest in the arts? The essays in this volume address these and similar questions to establish important theoretical and philosophical bases for artistic production in the Renaissance and beyond. The essays also attend to the views of historically significant writers from the classical period to the eighteenth century, including Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, St. Augustine, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), Ibn Sahl, Marsilio Ficino, Nicholas of Cusa, Leon Battista Alberti, Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Gregorio Comanini, John Davies, Rene Descartes, Samuel van Hoogstraten, and George Berkeley. Contributors scrutinize and illustrate the effect of changing and evolving ideas of intellectual and physical vision on artistic practice in Florence, Rome, Venice, England, Austria, and the Netherlands. The artists whose works and practices are discussed include Fra Angelico, Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Filippino Lippi, Giovanni Bellini, Raphael, Parmigianino, Titian, Bronzino, Johannes Gumpp, and Rembrandt van Rijn. Taken together, the essays provide the reader with a fresh perspective on the intellectual confluence between art, science, philosophy, and literature across Renaissance Europe. Edited with Charles H. Carman, essays by Nader El-Bizri, Charles H. Carman, Allie Terry, Amy R. Bloch, John Hendrix, Liana De Girolami Cheney, Christian Kleinbub, Nicholas Temple, Thijs Weststeijn, Faye Tudor, Alice Crawford Berghof.

Neoplatonic Aesthetics: Music, Literature and the Visual Arts
,
New York: Peter Lang, 2004.
 
The purpose of the book is to show that there is such a thing as Neoplatonic aesthetics, and that it plays an important role in a variety of artforms in the history of Western culture. The essays are from a conference organized in Florence with Liana De Girolami Cheney, examining the role of Neoplatonic aesthetics in the arts. There are chapters by contributors on Sufism, Proclus, Gioseffe Zarlino, Platonic Forms, Plotinus, Stephen MacKenna, Iris Murdoch, Fra Angelico, Leon Battista Alberti, Sandro Botticelli, Michelangelo, Giorgio Vasari, Denman Ross, and Postmodern theory.
 
The purpose of the book is to illustrate the important role that Neoplatonism has played in artistic production in a variety of artforms. The essays are from a conference organized in Rome with Liana De Girolami Cheney, examining the role that Neoplatonism has played in artistic production in Italy. There are chapters by contributors on Georges Gemistos-Plethon, Marsilio Ficino, Plato, Michelangelo, El Greco, Francesco Borromini and Athanasius Kircher, The Myth of Hercules, Sandro Botticelli, Dante, Giorgio Vasari, Francesco Clemente and Giovanni Macchia.

Articles
 
"The dialectics of form and function in architectural aesthetics," in Rivista di Estetica 58
      (1, 2015), ed. Elisabetta Di Stefano and Francesco Vitale, Turin: Labont, 2015.
"Architecture and Intellectual Development," in Kyriaki Tsoukala, Nikolaos-Ion Terzoglou,
      Charikleia Pantelidou (eds.), Intersections of Space and Ethos, London and New York:
      Routledge, 2015. 
"The Enflamed Heart: Architecture and Iconology," in Giuseppe Cascione, ed., Iconocrazia,
      No. 6, Bari: Universita di Bari "Aldo Moro," 2014.
"The Architecture of Lincoln Cathedral and the Cosmologies of Bishop Grosseteste,"
      in Nicholas Temple, John Shannon Hendrix, and Christian Frost (eds.), Bishop Robert
      Grosseteste and Lincoln Cathedral: Tracing Relationships between Medieval Concepts
      of Order and Built Form, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014.
"Palimpsest," in Angela Bartram, Nader El-Bizri and Douglas Gittens (eds.), Recto Verso:
      Redefining the Sketchbook
, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014.
"Psychoanalysis and Identity in Architecture," in Soumyen Bandyopadhyay and Guillermo
      Garma Montiel (eds.), The Territories of Identity: Architecture in the Age of Evolving
      Globalisation
, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013.     
“The Architecture of Lincoln Cathedral and the Institution of Justice,” in Jonathan Simon, 
      Nicholas Temple, and Renée Tobe (eds.), Architecture and Justice: Judicial Meanings
      in the Public Realm
, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2013.
“Architecture and Dream Construction,” in Elizabeth Danze and Stephen Sonnenberg (eds.),
      Center, Vol. 17: Space and Psyche, Austin: Center for American Architecture and Design,
      2013.
“Theorizing a Contradiction Between Form and Function in Architecture,” in Raymond Quek, ed.,
      The Expertise of Architecture and Its History, Prestoria: South African Journal of Art
History,
      Vol. 27, No. 1, 2012.
"Architecture and Intellectual Development," Intersections of Ethos and Space, Nikolaos-Ion 
      Terzoglou ed., Thessaloniki: Epikendro Editions, 2012 (in Greek).
"The Necessity of Architecture," The Cultural Role of Architecture, Routledge, 2012.
"Architecture as the Psyche of a Culture," The Cultural Role of Architecture,
      Routledge, 2012.
"Neoplatonic Influence in the Writings of Robert Grosseteste,"
Conversations 
      Platonic and Neoplatonic: Intellect, Soul, and Nature
, Academia Verlag, 2011.
"Perception as a Function of Desire in the Renaissance," Renaissance Theories of 
      Vision
, Ashgate, 2011.
"Neoplatonism at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome," The Humanities in   
      Architectural Design
, Routledge, 2010.
"The Return of Allegory to Architecture," Changing Territories, New Cartographies,
      ACSA Conference Proceedings, 2004.
"Architecture and the Philosophy of Spirit," Spirit, ACSA Conference Proceedings,
      2004.
"Introduction," "The Neoplatonic Aesthetics of Leon Battista Alberti," 
     
Neoplatonic Aesthetics: Music, Literature, and the Visual Arts, Peter Lang, 2004.
"Gae Aulenti," "Leonardo Benevolo," "Vittorio Gregotti," "Pier Luigi Nervi," "Paolo
      Portoghesi," Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture, New York: Fitzroy
      Dearborn, 2004.
"Introduction," "Francesco Borromini and Athanasius Kircher," "Francesco Clemente
      and Giovanni Macchia," Neoplatonism and the Arts, Edwin Mellen, 2002.
"Neoplatonism in the Design of Baroque Architecture," Neoplatonism and Western
      Aesthetics
, Aphrodite Alexandrakis ed., Albany: State University
of New York Press,
      2001.
"Symbols in the Designs of Francesco Borromini," Imaging Humanity, John Casey ed.,
      Lafayette, IN: Bordighera Press, 2001.
"Ascesa attraverso gerarchie neoplatoniche in San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane,"
      Francesco Borromini, Atti del convegno internazionale, Milano: Electa, 2000.
"Neoplatonic Philosophy and Roman Baroque Architecture," European Studies
      Journal
, 1999.
"The Body in the Theory of Making," Triangulating the Bodies of Architecture, ACSA
      Conference Proceedings, 1996.

Presentations
 
"Tropic Architecture," Renaissance Society of America, Humboldt University, Berlin, 2015.
"Architecture and Cosmology," Symposium on Lincoln Cathedral and Architectural Theory,
      University of Lincoln, 2015.
"Unconscious Thought in Peripatetic Philosophy," Ancient and Medieval Philosophy,
       Fordham University, 2014. 
"Plotinus: The First Philosopher of the Unconscious," International Society for
      Neoplatonic Studies, University of Lisbon, 2014.
"The Enflamed Heart: Architecture and Iconology," Renaissance Society of America,
      New York, 2014.
"Neoplatonism and English Gothic Architecture," International Society for Neoplatonic
      Studies, Cardiff, 2013.
"Philosophy of Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De anima of Averroes,"
      Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Fordham University, 2012.
"Intellect and the Structuring of Reality in Plotinus and Averroes," International Society 
      for Neoplatonic Studies, University of Cagliari, Sardinia, 2012.
"Topological Theory in Bioconstructivism," Theoretical Currents II: Architecture and Its
      Geographical Horizons, University of Lincoln, 2012.
"Alberti and Ficino," Renaissance Society of America, Washington DC, 2012.
"The Cosmology of Grosseteste and the Architecture of Lincoln Cathedral,"
      Symposium on Architecture as Cosmology: Lincoln Cathedral and Bishop
      Robert Grosseteste (1235-53), Lincoln Cathedral Conference Centre, 2012.
"Neoplatonism in the Liber Naturalis and Shifa: De anima or Metaphysica of
Avicenna (Ibn Sina)
," Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Fordham, 2011.
"Celestial Vaults in English Gothic Architecture," Conference on Heavenly Discourses,
      University of Bristol, 2011.
"Leon Battista Alberti and the Concept of Lineament," Conference on Iconology,
      University of Vienna, 2011.
"Neoplatonism in the Risala (De intellectu) of Alfarabi," International Society for  
      Neoplatonic Studies, Atlanta, 2011.
"Palimpsest," Conference on the Sketchbook, University of Lincoln, 2011.
"Lincoln Cathedral: A Work of Art," Artistic Manifestations in Architecture, 
      University of Massachusetts at Lowell, 2010.
      Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Fordham University, 2010.
"Architecture as the Psyche of a Culture," The Cultural Role of Architecture,
      University of Lincoln, 2010.
"Lincoln Cathedral and the Development of English Gothic Architecture," Lincoln 
      Academy, 2009.
"Psychoanalysis and Identity in Architecture," Nottingham Trent University, 2009.
"Origins of English Gothic Architecture at Lincoln," University of Lincoln, 2008.
"The Philosophy of Intellect of Robert Grosseteste," Ancient and Medieval 
      Philosophy, Fordham University, 2008.
"Neoplatonic Influence in the Writings of Robert Grosseteste," International 
      Society for Neoplatonic Studies, New Orleans, 2008.
      of America, Chicago, 2008.
      Humanities in Design Creativity, University of Lincoln, UK, 2007.
"Perception and Language in Plotinus," Ancient and Medieval Philosophy,
      Fordham University, 2007.
"Architecture and Dream Construction," Space and Mind, University of Texas,
      Austin, 2007.
"Architecture and Psychoanalysis in the Seventeenth Century," Imaginary Cities,
      Penn State University, 2007.
"Neoplatonism and Perspectival Construction," Renaissance Society of America,
      Miami, 2007.
"Neoplatonism and Psychoanalysis: Plotinus and Lacan," Ancient and Medieval
      Philosophy, Fordham University, 2006.
"Architecture and Psychoanalysis," ACSA, Laval University, Quebec, 2006.
"Neoplatonic Bases of Hegelian Aesthetics," International Society for
      Neoplatonic Studies, Laval University, Quebec, 2006.
"Plato and Deconstruction: The Chora and In-Between," Ancient and Medieval 
      Philosophy, Fordham University, 2005.
"The Symposium and the Aesthetics of Plotinus," International Society for
      Neoplatonic Studies, New Orleans, 2005.
"Piero della Francesca's Theory of Perception," Renaissance Society of America,
      University of Cambridge, UK, 2005.
"The Return of Allegory to Architecture," ACSA, Syracuse University, 2004.
"Architecture and the Philosophy of Spirit," ACSA, Judson College, 2004.
"The Plan of Borromini's San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane," Panel on Baroque 
      Architecture, CUNY Graduate Center, 2004.
"The Intellectual Principle of Plotinus and Hegelian Self-Consciousness," Ancient
      and Medieval Philosophy, Fordham University, 2004.
"Platonic Architectonics: Platonic Philosophy and Architecture," Architecture and
      Philosophy, University of Leeds, UK, 2004.
"Plotinian Hypostases in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit," International Society
      for Neoplatonic Studies, University of Liverpool, UK, 2004.
"Anaximander and Plotinus," Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Fordham
      University, 2003.
"The Neoplatonic Aesthetics of Leon Battista Alberti," Neoplatonic Aesthetics, 
      Institute of Fine and Liberal Arts, Florence, 2003.
"Anaximander and Plato," Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Cathedral of Saint
      John the Divine, New York, 2003.
"Greek Revival Architecture in Rhode Island," Styles in New England Architecture,
      University of Massachusetts, Lowell, 2002.
"Nicolas Cusanus and the Transmutation of Geometries," International Society for
      Neoplatonic Studies, University of Maine, 2002.
"The Platonic Geometries of Cezanne," Mediterranean Studies Association, Aix-
      en-Provence, France, 2001.
"Plato and Natural Law," Plato and Law, University of Athens, Greece, 2001.
"Ascesa attraverso gerarchie neoplatoniche in San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane," 
      Borromini and the Baroque Universe, Rome, 2000.
"Francesco Borromini and Athanasius Kircher," Neoplatonism and the Arts in
      Italy, American University in Rome, 2000.
"Philosophical Traditions in Contemporary Italian Painting," Neoplatonism and  
      the Arts in Italy, American University in Rome, 2000.
"The Construction of an Ethical Rationality in Plato's Laws," Olympic Center,
      Olympia, Greece, 1999.
"Designs of Francesco Borromini," Imaging Humanites, Loyola University in
      Rome, 1999.
"Baroque Aesthetics," Neoplatonism and Western Aesthetics, University of
      Crete, 1998.
"Baroque Architecture and Neoplatonic Philosophy," Renaissance Studies,
      University of Miami, 1998.
"The Ethics of Transgression in Aesthetic Ideologies," Mythology and Ethics,
      Cornell University, 1997.
"Philosophical Structures in Architecture," Architectural Theory and Practice,
      University of Pennsylvania, 1997.
"Psychoanalysis and Spatial Construction," Psychoanalysis and Cultural
      Studies, University of Rochester, 1997.
"Social Construction and the Unconscious," Transporting Cultures, Binghamton
      University, 1997.
"The Body in the Theory of Making," ACSA, Buffalo, 1996.


See Resume for education and teaching experience.

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